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Yoga is made from the word Yuj, which means the act of joining. In spiritualism this word is used to unite soul and supreme soul.Yoga is like a spiritual journey.You start with discovering yourself-your inner strength,your inner peace till you reach a stage where your soul has found a connection with the supreme soul.
The detachment of soul from the supreme soul is the cause of all problems and sinful actions, disharmony, crime, immorality, etc arise due to these. Everybody wants to live happily but due to ignorance they search for happiness in temporary things. They search for happiness in wealth, fame, respect name, woman, son, relatives, society etc. but in the end they get sorrows only.It is only when you have found a peace in you and achieved that enlightment you can feel the divine bliss. The philosophy of Yoga is centred around achieving complete harmony between our body and mind through special exercise (posturing), breathing and meditation. In Yoga through practices of holding a variety of body positions or asanas, and the centering of the mind and breath in a meditative way, the practitioner increases body awareness, posture, flexibility of body and mind and calmness of spirit. To achieve this an individual has to gain complete control over ‘prana’ . Prana is the subtle force , the essence which pervades all life . The objective of Pranayama is to attain complete control of the Prana .It is the breathing process or the control of the motion of inhalation, exhalation and the retention of vital energy. Yoga is different.While in most forms of exercise the physical results are the sole goal,in yoga the soul is the goal.The ancient yoga texts insist that the mind and spirit are more important that the physical body.While many other mind – body fitness also encourage this awareness,no other physical practice has the ultimate goal of union with the divine.In yoga the process of attaining this union is as important as the actual attainment. The history of Yoga can be divided into four periods:- Vedic Yoga period Pre classical yoga Classical yoga Post classical yoga.

Vedic yoga period:-

The existence of vedas marks this period.This is the period when people relied on yogic gurus to teach them how to live in divine harmony.They mainly performed rituals and ceremonies to attain unity with the divine.

Pre classical yoga:-

The creation of upanishads mark this preclassical period.It is also marked by creation of bhagvad gita.Gita is about bringing three most impotant facets in ones life-
Bhakti(devotion),jnana(knowledge),karma(selfless action).Gita tried to unify Bhakti yoga,jnana yoga and karma yoga.

Classical yoga:-

Its is marked by another creation called Yoga sutra.Written by patanjali it was an attempt to define classical yoga.It is composed of 195 Sutras that forms the base of raja yoga and it underlines priniciple of eight limbs of classical yoga .During this time people mainly concentrated on meditation and ignored asanas.Only Later people started treating their body as temple and performed asanas to make it immortal

Post classical yoga:-

This period actually for the first time started emphasizing on present.Yoga in this period taught people to accept their present and live at the moment rather than separating them from the reality.This period is marked by the two most famous yogic gurus-Maharishi yogi(known for transcendental meditation )and Sivananda.Sivananda most famous work is his modified five principles of yoga:

  • Savaasana
  • Asana
  • Pranayam
  • Proper diet
  • Dyana(meditation).